BRIN Public Relations. Research Center for Macroeconomics and Finance (PR EMK), Research Organization for Governance, Economy, and Community Welfare (OR TKPEKM) in collaboration with the Directorate of Economic Policy, Employment and Regional Development (Dir. KEKPR), Deputy for Development Policy (DKP) held the 9th Macroeconics and Finance (MAFIN) TALKS webinar, Wednesday (15/03). The activity entitled "Sharia Economy and Halal Certification".
The event presented speakers, namely Muhammad Takhim (PR EKM) and Nurgina Arsad, as Policy Analysts at Dir. KEKPR.
Head of PR EMK, Zamroni Salim in his remarks said, this webinar is to present the halal industry and halal certification for the development of the welfare of the Indonesian people. According to him, there are still many who do not know that the halal industry is actually multi-dimensional. “First, the dimension of national borders is penetrated by the concept of natural industry. Second, the dimensions in terms of issues of quality certification," said Zamroni. So, in accordance with the mandate of changes to regulations on the implementation of halal certification, namely Law Number 33 of 2014, Law Number 11 of 2020, and Perpu Number 2 of 2022, it can provide acceleration for entrepreneurs in immediately registering halal certificates.
Muhammad Takhim, presented a theme entitled "Halal Acceleration of Halal Industry and Tourism Development in Society 5.0, Opportunities and Challenges". Then he explained, the development of the halal industry is a process of processing goods based on sharia guarantees. So that the products produced are good, healthy, safe, and not harmful. Because, it is lawful to be consumed, enjoyed, or used.
He then explained the development of Halal tourism in Indonesia in 2019. Where, he has won achievements in the realm of world halal tourist destinations. Indonesia is ranked first as the best halal tourism in the world according to the Global Muslim Travel Index (GMTI). It outperformed 130 other participating countries.
There are three tourism sectors, namely participating in the economy. first The tourism sector has links, both directly and indirectly, with around 185 economic activities on the supply side (OECD, 2020). Then the employment sector. The tourism sector is able to become one of the pillars of economic growth, because of its significant role in absorbing millions of workers worldwide. This includes vulnerable groups such as the disabled, women and children, as well as sustainable environmental contributions. The tourism sector is also related to environmental issues. That's because it can indirectly contribute to conservation efforts and maintain the sustainability of nature.
Nurgina Arsad, presented material entitled "Adaptation of Halal Certification in Indonesia". He revealed that Indonesia is in 5th place out of 15 countries regarding the use of halal products Source: State of The Global Islamic Economy Report 2022. This is Indonesia's commitment according to the directions of the Indonesian President and Vice President. The target is that Indonesia will become the center of the world's halal industry as well as the mecca of the world's fashion industry that can be achieved in 2024. Also, this includes the target for MSME Product Halal Guarantee which is one of the requirements to penetrate the global market.
Halal Product Guarantee Regulation for legal certainty on the halalness of a product is proven by a halal certificate. The aim is to provide convenience and certainty for the availability of halal products for the public in consuming and using products, as well as increasing added value for businesses in producing halal products.
Nurgina also explained about the sharia economy as an economic system based on Islamic values. "Sharia, etymologically, comes from the word syara'a which means the way to a spring. In terms of terminology, sharia is a way, rules and laws created by Allah SWT that must be upheld by humans and/or a great way for a good life, namely religious values that can provide guidance for every human being," he explained.
He then explained again, this economy adheres to Islamic law based on the Koran, Hadith, Sunnah, Ijma and Qiyas. The purpose of sharia economics is to build and create a comprehensive and universal sense of justice in all circles, as well as freedom that continues to provide social benefits for society. “So Sharia is Islamic law which does not regulate humans to Allah SWT. However, it also regulates human-to-human relations with fellow human beings, such as civil, criminal and political matters.
So, a halal certificate is an acknowledgment of the halalness of a product issued by BPJPH based on a written halal fatwa issued by the MUI. While halal means free from all forms of substances that have been forbidden in Islam. For example carrion, blood, pork, and animals slaughtered without mentioning the name of Allah, as well as alcoholic beverages/goods and services.