The coral reef management and rehabilitation program or the World Bank's Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Program-Coral Triangle Initiative (Coremap-CTI WB) aims to save coral reefs while revitalizing the local economy. Deputy for Maritime Affairs and Natural Resources at the Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas Arifin Rudyanto stated that this strategic program was initiated to protect coastal resources, especially coral reefs, which have 500 species with an area of about 25 thousand square kilometers. "We expect coastal resource management as a model because it has a high economy, at least around US$2.6 billion (per year)," he said at the project closing event and dissemination of the achievements of the Coremap-CTI WB grant from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) which conducted virtually in Jakarta, Wednesday. Furthermore, he hopes that the program will become an institutionalized system in the community even though the program which started in 2019 has ended in May 2022.
Arifin said this program was designed by combining science-based policy and community-based implementation. According to him, efforts to save coral reefs must be based on scientific data. After that, the management of the ecosystem is carried out by the community. "We cannot expect for example the Task Force (Task Force) or the Water Police or officers from the KKP (Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries) and KLHK (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) to guard several thousand square kilometers, of course, must involve the community," he said. Some examples of forms of community implementation are monitoring of coastal resource ecosystems through Community Supervisory Groups (Pokwasmas). Second, collecting data on the movement and population of marine mammals in order to keep these animal groups from becoming extinct. Lastly, the development of ecotourism supporting infrastructure by involving villages and communities in the management of tourism supporting infrastructure.
For almost two years, the Coremap program, which received grant assistance from the World Bank through the Global Environment Facility (GEF) of US$6.2 million, was considered to have been successfully implemented in several parts of Indonesia. “This program can be considered successful if the management concept that has been generated from various Coremap innovations can be replicated in other areas, both nationally and internationally. Therefore, the main key is collaboration and this is not an easy thing because building this collaboration requires trust with one another," said Arifin.